In this segment, we will talk about what a virtual machine is and how the layer of virtualization between the hardware and system software makes a virtual machine.

Virtual Machine

A virtual machine is a software program that is similar to a physical system running an operating system and applications. Virtual machine can run similar programs and act precisely like the physical machine.

The way to seeing how virtualization can make a virtual machine (also referred as VM) is to envision virtualization as a layer of program that is installed onto the hardware because the virtualization layer communicates directly with the hardware. Virtualization clone the assets or resources of the physical system and makes a virtual hardware which works the same and produces similar outcomes. So now virtual hardware is ready due to virtualization and it very well may be used to build a virtual machine.

A VM requires similar parts a physical system needs, for example, a keyboard, a mouse, a CPU, RAM, and more. When the hardware parts are virtualized, a virtual machine can be made from them to run numerous different tasks (games, music, video) simply like the original hardware machine. The goal of virtualization is to have an illustration (a duplicate) of something in the virtual world over the real world. You can see the picture of parts that a VM needs:

When the virtualization layer virtualizes these hardware parts, the VM can be configured. Similar to a physical system, the virtual machine requires an operating system all together for the virtual hardware to really work. The virtualization layer enables you to install an OS of your preference to the virtual machine. This can also be called as Guest Operating System which makes you feel that it is using real computer hardware and in this way will execute directions simply like a real computer. Since the VM has “Hardware” and an “Operating system”, the virtualization program bundles the virtual parts of a VM together as a complete set of files. That arrangement of files is the Virtual Machine (VM). These files are executed in the virtual layer, making the virtual machine. It would now be able to have applications installed onto it which will run simply as they do on a physical machine.

We need to understand that how a lot of files can turn into a virtual machine that keeps running in the virtualization layer,. The virtualization layer has a technology called the hypervisor. We will clarify what a hypervisor is in detail in the following part, yet it is important to end up familiar with the term. For the time being, we will indicate hypervisor as the “Host”. The Host is the establishment of the virtualization layer and everything virtualized exists in this layer. Think about the host as a tall business building with numerous office spaces and the virtual machines as the representatives or office employees inside. The virtual machine is made and just exists within the Host (place of business). The virtual machine (office employees) can interact to others outside of the host using the internet or messaging, it does not exist outside of a Host and many virtual machines can be configured on a Host.

Let’s see, what are the most significant advantages of a virtual machine to a client ? The advantages of a virtual machine compared with a conventional physical computer.

Physical Machine

1. Every client requires a physical machine.

2. Each physical server must be configured.

3. No requirement for licensing purchase.

4. No on-demand adaptability. 5. Harder to manage

Virtual Machine

1. One Virtual Machine can serve many clients.

2. Can add and adjust services easily.

3. VM software licensing purchase.

4. On-demand adaptability.

5. Simplified management.

The use of virtualization is developing and it is now being used in a larger number of areas. Now Let’s understand one of its primary objectives i.e efficiency. Looking at a couple of key results of virtualization, for example, Partitioning, Sustainability and Isolation uncovers how virtualization has made technology progressively efficient.


We also know that virtualization Host (Hypervisor) enable hardware to virtualize and make different virtual machines that each keep running on your preferred operating system. This functionality to select and run different operating systems is called partitioning. The meaning of partitioning is the ability to run different operating systems on a solitary physical framework and sharing the basic hardware resources. In a virtualized system, the hypervisor divides the hardware into different ‘parts’, so that we can configure multiple OS on one machine. Anyone who needs to figure out how to use Linux, yet are reluctant to download it and introduce it on their hardware expecting that they will break the entire thing will consider the possibility of a hypervisor doing the partitioning very easily.

Before virtualization, running more than one operating system was conceivable through a procedure called a double boot. This is the point at which a client divides the hard drive and installing an alternate OS on each division so when the computer gets turned on, the client can choose which OS to boot up. In any case, those two OS can not be used simultaneously. You need to startup (boot) using one OS or the other. Dual boot does not enable both OS to get to a similar hardware resources – for instance, one OS uses just this part of the hardware and different uses another part of the hardware. This is the reason behind the term partitioning.

With a hypervisor, one system can run different OS at the same time and partitioning is progressively adaptable, implying that one OS can be given more or less partitions (hardware parts that are transformed into virtual hardware) just by changing the settings with the software while the OS is running. There is no reason to reboot the entire system. For software engineers and directors, this adaptability in dividing brings about more effective since it diminishes boot time and expands the measure of work and projects they can keep running in a range of time.


Another result of using virtualization is the amount of energy emission reduced because more than one OS can keep running on one system, there is less hardware required and less energy expected to control that hardware, making virtualization a ‘green’ sustainable innovation. Consider how substantially less energy is used to control one system with 20 VMs rather than what amount is used to control 20 systems.


Another advancement in the efficiency of this innovation is the functionality of separating VMs, called isolation. When you are using a normal system, the system works in an open situation, implying that its hardware is vulnerable. This implies that each time a system has issues, the client needs to analyze the machine and fix it. For a system manager working in an enormous organization, this implies physically checking out each system that has a hardware issue which is not feasible.

As we know that a VM keeps running within the hypervisor (Host). In this way, with virtualization management that is associated with the hypervisor, an administrator can analyze and fix all the VMs being used by changing its settings in the hypervisor. This implies that the administrator can remain at their work area and watch over all the VMs like a security protect in a control room studying surveillance cameras.

Isolation also implies that virtual machines are convenient and can be moved or replicated to any industry-standard hardware platform. Along these lines, virtualization makes IT management progressively versatile and gives more responsiveness to changing business conditions.

In this article, we have completed the basic idea of Virtual Machine and what are the main things behind the efficiency of VM. We will continue in the next article. If you have any suggestion or any thought, just comment down below.

Biplab Das
My name is Biplab Das. I’m a writer, Blogger, Youtuber and full time IT support engineer whose childhood obsession with science fiction never quite faded. A quarter-century later, the technology that I coveted as a kid is woven into the fabric of everyday life. I’ve spent the past years to learn these technologies, I recently published a book on computer science fundamentals. People say smartphones are boring these days, but I think everyone is beginning to take this wonderful technology marvel for granted.

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