Everyone needs their cash to be more secure and cryptographic forms of money i.e. cryptocurrency can guarantee this in the most foolproof way right now. In any case, risks and prizes are characteristically connected, especially on account of the cryptographic money market. Cryptocurrencies give progressively adaptable and virtualized assets as services over the Internet. With the help of this technology, individuals can perform several activities, including money-related transactions. Ethereum, as a technology, is a useful asset to fight with the issue of spam and hacking, to ensure client personal data just as secure as the digital currency market. This solution, which depends on the Merkle Tree, empowers enterprises to work more productively and stops the spread of deceitful money-related transactions.

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Ethereum is an open source, public, blockchain based distributed and decentralized computing network and operates as an operating system which enables smart contracts. Ethereum is a token, the blockchain for which is generated by the Ethereum network.

Ether can be transferred among different user accounts and used to repay participant mining nodes for their computing calculations performed. Ethereum comes up with a decentralized virtual machine, the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which can execute the written code with the help of a worldwide system of public nodes. Ethereum was developed in 2013 by Vitalik Buterin, a cryptocurrency researcher and programmer. Ethereum showed up in the market in 2015 and is presently one of the most legitimate and reputable tokens.

Just like the case with cryptocurrencies, the legitimacy of every Ether is given by a blockchain, which results in blocks that are linked and verified using cryptography. It is an open, distributed ledger that records transactions between two users proficiently and in a verifiable and immutable manner. Ethereum does not depend upon Unspent Transaction Outputs (UTXOs). Here, current account balances and additional information are stored in a  Merkle Tree. Today, at the time of writing this, Ethereum is the second-largest cryptocurrency on the planet after Bitcoin.

Issues with Ethereum

Ether can be exchanged by customary cash representatives, on cryptocurrency exchanges and numerous online cryptocurrency digital wallets. Ethereum is a worldwide, open source platform for decentralized applications. On Ethereum, you can write your own code that controls some digital values, which run precisely as programmed and are accessible anyplace on the planet. Building blockchain applications required a complex foundation in coding cryptography, mathematics and critical assets. By providing developers the utilities to develop decentralized applications, Ethereum is making things easier. Like Bitcoin, Ethereum is a distributed open blockchain network. In the Ethereum blockchain, rather than mining for Bitcoin, miners work to obtain Ethers, a sort of crypto token that powers the system.

The Ethereum blockchain has some exceptional features. One of them is that you can develop smart contracts which is an agreement or contract that self executes. It handles authorization, the administration, execution and payment. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies only work as shared and peer-to-peer advanced monetary standards. Extending the features offered by Bitcoin is entangled and tedious. On the other hand, Ethereum’s core technology, the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), is a Turing complete machine that keeps running on the Ethereum decentralized network. The EVM makes the way toward making blockchain applications a lot simpler and more effective than any time. Ethereum possibly empowers the improvement of thousands of various centralized applications, all on one stage. Any service that are centralized can be decentralized using Ethereum. Think about a few services that exist over many various businesses, third party or intermediary services like voting systems, regulatory compliance and so forth. Ethereum can make such services simpler and faster.

Advantages of Ethereum

So for what reason do we have to move towards the Ethereum system? Here is a portion of the advantages that should push us towards settling on such a decision.

Immutability : Third parties like legal counselors, courts or any such legitimate substances can not make any change in the important information or any data stored in Ethereum blockchain.

Further development : Ethereum is not a self-locked network. This implies that different products and enterprises can grow together with the Ethereum blockchain. It makes Ethereum develop continuously and increasing number of individuals can begin investing into it.

Security : Ethereum does not fail and is secure as it uses cryptography. Applications here are protected against hacking attacks and fake activities.

Progress : It is an open system, so everybody from outside can join this network and make it conceivable to improve this system.

Adaptability : Flexibility may be Ethereum’s essential development. Ethereum enables clients to make their own tasks of any complication they wish.

Zero personal time : Applications never go down and can never be turned off.


Ethereum applications have their very own drawbacks. These decentralized applications are not impeccable. Since smart contract codes are written by people, code bugs may happen. This may prompt unintended and unfavorable activities. If a mistake in the code gets exploited, there is no efficient method to stop this attack. Just establishing system consensus and rewriting the fundamental code can tackle such issues. This questions the  immutability property of the Ethereum platform. Also, it is not easy to upgrade the Ethereum system.

Programming Languages

Ethereum for the most part relies on the Smart Contract. Smart Contract are basically programs that exist on the Ethereum blockchain. They perform different tasks, for example, sending or accepting Ether or ERC 20 tokens, in addition to other things. For now, Solidity is the most mainstream programming languages used to write smart contracts in Ethereum. Steadily, Ethereum is turning into a sustainable cryptographic digital money. There is long term scope for Ethereum and that is the reason its cost is rising.

The Ethereum system comprises of more than 27,500 nodes and every node runs EVM implementation. C++ Python, Ruby, Go, JavaScript, Rust, Haskell and a lot more programming languages are used to program the Ethereum network. Numerous organizations like Microsoft, IBM, Deloitte are using DApps or Decentralized Applications of Ethereum.

The programming languages mentioned above help the Ethereum system to :

1. Mine the Ethereum coin i.e Ether

2. Move funds between addresses

3. Build contracts and send transactions

4. Explore Block history and so forth.

Different Ethereum Layers

The logic and mechanism behind Ethereum  work  at the  different layers it uses and these layers are mentioned below :

Ethereum Hardware layer : The Ethereum hardware layer is a distributed network of systems that process transactions and maintain them in control in a common ledger. The transaction value is expressed in units called Ethers, the digital currency of the Ethereum network. In the Ethereum Hardware layer, there are many systems spread over the planet that are associated with each other by means of the Internet.

Ethereum Software layer : The Ethereum Software layer has been created to permit the exchange of values. To do as such, a totally different programming language has been made, it’s classified “Solidity”. For those of you that are software developers, it’s very like JavaScript. Utilizing Solidity, developers can construct basic projects called “smart contracts” that can actualize essential value exchanges. You can see an example of smart contracts (what it looks like)

Ethereum application layer (DApps) : The blend of hardware and software layers described above has made Ethereum work as a worldwide, decentralized platform on which third party applications can be developed.There are more than 900 applications based on Ethereum. About 30 percent of them are live while the other 70 percent are still under development. Building these public, decentralised applications has several benefits like straightforwardness, resilience, better code and so on.

That’s enough for this Ethereum section. If there is any difficulty in understanding any term, just comment down below or wait for the next upcoming blogs.

More on Decentralization and Blockchain concepts :

What is Blockchain Technology? explained.

Biplab Das
My name is Biplab Das. I’m a writer, Blogger, Youtuber and full time IT support engineer whose childhood obsession with science fiction never quite faded. A quarter-century later, the technology that I coveted as a kid is woven into the fabric of everyday life. I’ve spent the past years to learn these technologies, I recently published a book on computer science fundamentals. People say smartphones are boring these days, but I think everyone is beginning to take this wonderful technology marvel for granted.

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