We discussed the three kinds of hardware used in data centers (Computing Systems, Networking and Storage Devices) in the last segment of our Virtualization series, also Storage devices used in data centers were also covered.

Now, we move to Computing systems.

Computing Systems

As we discussed in the last segment, a system is made up of hardware and operating system OS software that runs applications. A computing system is basically implies a computer; data centers use specific systems called servers. What separates a server from a computer, for example, a laptop is intended to be easier to use than a server, however both includes physical parts, like a processor, memory and disk storage. A personal computer will in general come with more input/output devices, for example, a mouse, keyboard and screen so a client can interact directly with the system while servers do not include components for direct client interaction. Obviously,  a computer system, even a data center server, must have logical components, for example, an OS and other different types of system software.

Outside of a data center, computer systems can be huge or little, depending upon a client’s computing needs. For instance, a gamer will most likely use a huge gaming laptop since they need computing speed and space for better graphics, yet that would be pointless for somebody simply looking into a formula to make a dish of food, they only need of using a tablet or smartphone. But in a data center, a computer system should be huge enough to give the measure of handling force expected to store and process information for countless clients one after another, for example, organizations and government offices. That is the reason data center use servers because not at all like personal computers which focus their computing power on user-friendly features like a computer screen and media, servers are intended to utilize the greater part of their processing power to host services and to cooperate with different machines. This makes servers progressively efficient and better outfitted to manage higher workloads.

Data center servers comes under three kinds:

Tower

Rack-Mounted

Blade.

The tower system is a normal personal computer. These are regularly used in computer labs and workplaces so more than likely, we all have used a tower system as a personal computer, however not as a server.

tower system

The Rack-Mounted system is a thin, huge rectangular computer system that slides onto the racks of a case. At the point when the casing is loaded with rack-mounted system, it looks like a tall metal table drawers. The tallness of the case is estimated by slots available for rack-mounted servers, called rack units. For instance, an ordinary 19-inch rack is 42u, which means it holds up to 42 rack-mounted servers.

Rack-Mounted System. Source : Wikipedia

At last, the blade system, similar to the rack-mounted, has rectangular hardware put into a bigger casing. But, these are normally put vertically into the casing, which would also resemble a table drawers set on its side. Virtualization is a perfect companion for blade servers since it conveys advantages such as resource optimization, operational effectiveness and fast provisioning.

Provisioning means the process of supplying resources based on capacity, availability, and performance requirements.

Bestand: IBM bladecenter. Source : Wikipedia

After understanding the server types, it is important to know that data centers regularly use servers with an x86 architecture. Architecture implies the kind of processor utilized by the server. The x86 architecture has some attachment that span back to something called  8‐bit processors, developed by Intel in the late 1970s. As assembling capabilities improved and software requests expanded, Intel stretched out the 8‐bit architecture to 16 bits. In 1985, Intel stretched out the architecture to 32 bits. Intel calls this design IA‐32, however the vendor‐neutral term x86 is also known.

Role of x86 Architecture

Over the following two decades, the fundamental 32‐bit architecture continued as before. In 2003, the semiconductor company AMD acquainted a 64‐bit expansion with the x86 architecture, at first named AMD64. Later in 2004, Intel published its very own 64‐bit architectural expansion calling it IA‐32e and later likewise EM64T.

Understanding the distinction between the 32-bit and 64-bit is significant in light of the fact that virtualization innovation is compatible with 64-bit and not 32-bit. The purpose behind this is the 64-bit processor has advantage points that the 32-bit doesn’t, for example, the functionality to add more physical memory to it, which will prove to be useful when that space is expected to process virtual machines, just as better and better execution when running programs. Although 32-bit is used sometimes, 64-bit is bound to have virtualization capacity and is, hence, more generally used. A 64-bit architecture is backwardscompatible i.e. thesystems can run 32-bit programs. It doesn’t work the other way around, though: a 32-bit computer cannot run 64-bit Windows or 64-bit programs.

Clustering in data centers

In a data center, various similarly configured servers can be assembled together with a similar network and storage to give a total arrangement of resources in the virtual condition, called a Cluster. At the point when a server is added to a cluster, the server’s resources become some portion of the cluster’s resources. In this way, the cluster deals with the resources of all servers inside it and it presently goes about as a single entity. This is advantageous provided that one of the servers fails, another of the servers can have its place.

This is enough for this section. In the next part, we will talk about the last kind of hardware used in data centers i.e. Networking Systems If you have any suggestion or any thought, just comment down below.

More on Virtualization concepts:

1. What is Virtualization? Basic Virtualization Understanding Part -1

2. What is a Virtual Machine? Basic Virtualization Understanding Part -2

3. What is Hypervisor and how many types we got here? let’s find out.

4. Know More Deeply on Hypervisor and Virtual Machine.

5. Understanding the Role of Snapshot and Data Centers.

Biplab Das
mobomotion.tech@gmail.com
My name is Biplab Das. I’m a writer, Blogger, Youtuber and full time IT support engineer whose childhood obsession with science fiction never quite faded. A quarter-century later, the technology that I coveted as a kid is woven into the fabric of everyday life. I’ve spent the past years to learn these technologies, I recently published a book on computer science fundamentals. People say smartphones are boring these days, but I think everyone is beginning to take this wonderful technology marvel for granted.

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