We discussed the three kinds of hardware used in data centers (Computing Systems, Networking and Storage Devices) in the last to last segment of our Virtualization series, also Storage devices and Computing System Hardware used in data centers were also covered.

Now, we move to Networking Systems.

In a data center, the programs, websites and other different applications that should be conveyed to consumers are kept in the data center storage. Along these lines, so as to convey this information adequately and proficiently to consumers, the data center servers need to fetch and get information from the storage and convey it to clients in only a couple of moments. This is the reason the network system is so significant for data center tasks because organizations and people depend on that information to run applications, sell their items, run every day activities, and give data to customers or clients. In the event that the system goes down and information can never again arrive at the clients, it could cause a slowdown or end in activities. A productively arranged and supervised system can support organizations and different elements remain focused and reliable in the present quick paced world.

Not at all like servers and storage whose functionalities are genuinely simple to understand because they are physical components, networking is harder to imagine on the grounds that it is more conceptual. This is because a network is a trap of associated devices that interacts to one another yet the genuine physical innovation that permits this correspondence can not be depicted as only one device. A data center system is comprised of numerous hardware parts, for example, cables, routers and switches.

Interfacing the servers and the storage to a network system enables both the servers and storage to interact with one another as well as with different systems. All together for the data to transmit at quick speeds and keep up its integrity, it is significant that a data center’s network is utilizing proficient technology that is compatible with the devices that are attempting to get to it.

Networking Hardwares

The initial step to seeing how a network system functions is to identify the hardware involved and what job each piece of hardware plays in setting up the network system. The following is the list of networking hardware covered in this section:

Router – A device that is one of the main parts of network system that can send/receive information from its network system to another. When information arrives at the desired network system, the router sends the information to the right location in the network system with the help of IP addresses. Devices are associated with the web using a router.

Switch – Connects devices to one another inside a network system. The switch is answerable for making the correspondence ways while the router directs where on the ways the data needs to go.

NIC – Short for Network Interface Controller, NIC is a part of network systems hardware built with Ethernet technology that is a part of, or appends to, the motherboard and associates a computer system to a network system.

Ethernet Cable – A kind of networking cable that physically associates devices such as servers, routers and switches on a network system using Ethernet protocol.

Port – In computer systems, ports are the interfaces that serve as the point of communication between the network and a device that is on the network system. For instance, an Ethernet outlet on a server is a port that can be associated with a router or switch port.

The job of these hardware parts, basically, is that the router and the switch make the system and the Ethernet cable and NIC enables the device to jump onto the network system.

Networking Topology and Ranges

A network system can have various formats and range. It is simply the extent of the format that recognizes what type a network system is. The kind of system that ordinarily uses Ethernet cables is known as a LAN, short for Local Area Network. This kind of system is normally used in one location, for example, an office, home or school. Some Ethernet cables can reach many feet, yet that separation is as yet thought to be local when you think about how huge the internet is. There are different other systems that reach further, for example, WANs (wide area network) yet connecting up to a WAN for the most part requires renting access to a line that transmits information by wire, radio or optic cables. Organizations that have different locations for the most part use a WAN.

All together for the data to understand where it needs to go on the network system, a network system implements a protocol to guide the data to its destination. A protocol is a set of rules that directs how data is exchanged between specialized devices, on account of a data center, between a server and a data storage device. These rules are like a language of devices. Only the devices with similar protocols understand the standards and rules of that language and consequently can transmit data (information) to one another. Similarly as with any arrangement of rules, they should be applied in some way or another and on account of data center systems, they are applied through the hardware referenced above as well as through software.

The protocol most ordinarily used for a data center network system is called TCP/IP. Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is a program that computer systems use to send messages to one another. Like virtualization, a network system communication protocol can be clarified by separating it into different layers. The TCP layer of the program breaks the content of the message a computer system sends into smaller bits of data called packets that are sent and received between computer systems. The IP layer of the message is the address of the computer system the message is being sent to. Think about these two sections as a letter being sent via the post office. The address is composed on the envelope and the message is what is inside the envelope.

Each computer system on the network system has an IP address. In a normal hardware based data center, a network cable interfaces with a router and the router at that point associates with a switch, which associates with the servers. The same number of servers as there are ports on the switch can be associated. The router itself is really a little computer system that stores the IP addresses for every IP network in its memory. At the point when a signal comes into the router, the router peruses the IP address and sends it to the right port app

ended to the IP network where the destination computer system is found.

Source : https://asmed.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/OSI-Model-3-29-17-website.jpg

The layers of the TCP/IP protocol appeared above are an outlined form of the whole system correspondence model called the OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) model.

On a network system, the manner by which the computer systems, servers, storage and network hardware are connected is referred to as the Network system topology. The topology is a map-guide of the network system that shows where the servers or different devices like storage or printers are joined physically on the network system. For instance, the topology in the picture below maps out how the router and switches associate every one of the devices on the network using IP addresses. For anybody interested in data center organization, understanding a network system topology is critical, just as being a decent reference for proper network maintenance and for troubleshooting issues.

This is enough for this section and we have also covered all types of hardware used in data centers. If you have any suggestion or any thought, just comment down below.

More on Virtualization concepts:

1. What is Virtualization? Basic Virtualization Understanding Part -1

2. What is a Virtual Machine? Basic Virtualization Understanding Part -2

3. What is Hypervisor and how many types we got here? let’s find out.

4. Know More Deeply on Hypervisor and Virtual Machine.

5. Understanding the Role of Snapshot and Data Centers.

6. Understanding the Computing System Hardware in Data Centers.

Biplab Das
mobomotion.tech@gmail.com
My name is Biplab Das. I’m a writer, Blogger, Youtuber and full time IT support engineer whose childhood obsession with science fiction never quite faded. A quarter-century later, the technology that I coveted as a kid is woven into the fabric of everyday life. I’ve spent the past years to learn these technologies, I recently published a book on computer science fundamentals. People say smartphones are boring these days, but I think everyone is beginning to take this wonderful technology marvel for granted.

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